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Europe

Europe’s Immigration Issues:(Gina Dukes) 

Background:  Europe is a large continent home to many diverse countries and cultures, yet the face of its population is rapidly changing due to an influx in immigration. Immigration has been one of the most pressing issues facing the European nation. When Europe’s economy expanded greatly during the fifties and the sixties after devastating World War ||, the giant nation began to import laborers from other countries. When the economy stabilized and there was no longer a great need for immigrant laborers, many European nations began to claim that immigration was a problem.Due to an influx of immigrants during the 60’s of immigrants whose culture,customs and traditions were completely foreign to common European cultures, many right-wingers felt that Europe’s culture would be lost.

These are graphs that illustrates the origins of immigrants in different regions of Europe

These graphs below show the nationalities of foreign workers in various regions of Europe

According to BBC, immigrants made up more than half of Britain’s population growth from 1991 to 2001. The largest groups of people born abroad are people born in the Republic of Ireland, India, Pakistan, the Caribbean and the USA.

Strict Immigration Policies:

Since the establishment of the European Union in 1958 and officially using the name that it goes by now in 1993, various countries have been working together to solve the issue of immigration.  Recently in 2011, France began cracking down on its Tunisian immigrants by sending about 2,000 Tunisian immigrants back to Italy after Paris rejected to issue six-month permits to the influx of 25,000 Tunisian immigrants who migrated to Italy facing refuge from persecution.

Here’s a link to a podcast special done by NPR on France and Italy’s immigration issues

Riots: The pictures below are from images from an explosive riot that occurred in Italy in 2010 due to frustrations of racism and immigration.

More on Immigration (Mike Coughlin):

Immigration is a pretty big thing in Europe.  Lots of immigrants come from other countries and continents such as Asia and Africa.  Mainly for the reason that Europe’s Economy is better then their varied homelands and they can better provide for their families back home. Although immigration has benefited Europe in the sense that immigrants have worked and helped Europe’s economy, it also can hurt Europe as it has done in the past.  If immigrants are suddenly laid off, most of the time the immigrants stay in Europe since life is better there, and eventually end up effecting Europe’s
population, and unemployment rate.

Here is a link to a resource detailing Europe’s shifting immigration dynamics

In addition to immigration issues, a newspaper from the UK has reported that Europe’s population is declining. The decline was planned, due to Europeans realizing that they would have a problem if the population continued to rise, however the decline is getting out of control now. Here is a link to an article in regards to this.

Economy

Europe officially introduced the Euro on January 1st, 1999, which was just non-physical (mostly for banking.) The Euro was then physically introduced on January 1st, 2002. In the beginning the Euro was a success, it was catching on quickly and other currencies were effectively being replaced by the Euro. Currently the conversion from Euro to U.S. Dollar is €1 to $1.31. 17 of the 27 countries that make up the European Union, currently use the Euro.

However the economy is very much a cause for the region’s fragility, their economies are all linked together because they share the same currency. In 2011, it was Greece’s economy that collapsed, the European Union (mostly Germany) was forced to bail them out. Now in 2012, it is Spain’s economy that is collapsing or at least beginning to collapse. The two countries are falling apart for different reasons, Greece’s collapse was based off of too much government spending and not being able to pay back the nation’s debt. Spain’s collapse has much to do with the collapse of their real estate market and their inability to pay back debts, so everything keeps piling up leading to an eventual economic collapse.

Along with Spain and Greece’s financial disasters-

– Population (Lauren Gore)

In this chart the majority of the European Countries are doing well with a high life expectancy and GDP. Some of the central Asia countries like Tajikistan have the lowest combined life expectancy and GDP.

The article that I got the graph from is a interesting read about Western European countries
http://www.kzero.co.uk/blog/september-metrics-part-3-western-europe/

According this chart, Europe is expected to have a growth increase of 2.3 % by 2032. This is quite low compared to the other regions on the chart.  Here’s another chart that shows the individual countries in Europe

In this link there is a interactive flash video on Gapminder:
– It show the overall population and growth of the world, but it breaks everything down in the regions. It show Europe’s growth rate and various other thing.
http://www.gapminder.org/downloads/human-development-trends-2

I was referred to this by a friend, the graph and the article below are both interesting pieces. But this is more for the immigration section

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1161365/UK-Europes-biggest-population-Migration-force-ahead-Germany-says-UN.html

citations:

http://www.dhr.history.vt.edu/modules/eu/mod06_migration/index.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/4218740.stm

http://www.npr.org/2011/04/18/135496066/immigration-issues-test-unity-of-the-european-union

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/6956518/Police-quell-immigrant-riots-in-Italy.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/13/world/europe/13italy.html?pagewanted=all

http://www.populationpress.org/publication/2004-1-myers.html

http://www.meforum.org/2107/europe-shifting-immigration-dynamic

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